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The Sinclair ZX Spectrum was launched in 1982 by Sinclair Research Limited, as a successor to the Sinclair ZX80 and Sinclair ZX81 home computers.

An 8 bit computer, based on the popular Z80 chip which had powered the ZX80 and ZX81, this introduced colour (8 colours) and sound to the home computer market.  It had either 16K or 48K memory as standard and relied on a cassette recorder for loading and saving programs.

Each key on the Spectrum's keyboard represented up to 4 different keywords, which allowed you to enter commands at the push of a button - although it could be confusing to remember the combination of keys needed for some of the more obscure commands.

The ZX Spectrum led to the first home computer boom with 1000s of software titles being produced and many companies selling new add-ons and upgrades.

The original Sinclair ZX Spectrum came with a fawn/light grey rubber keyboard, with an issue 1 circuit board which was infamous for having a smaller daughterboard to hold the extra 32K RAM (if installed) and what looked like a dead cockroach connected by various wires inside to overcome problems with its early ULA. That version of the ZX Spectrum is much sought after.  Later versions had all the memory on the main motherboard and also had a blue-grey keyboard.

Over 1,000,000 ZX Spectrum computers were sold throughout the World, with many clones appearing in Russia and South America.

Having seen the popularity of people adding after-market keyboards, Sinclair later released a ZX Spectrum+ with a full size keyboard, which was available as an upgrade to the original. 

The later ZX Spectrum 128 had a full sized keyboard, 128K RAM and an upgraded 128K operating system (which allowed you to enter commands one letter at a time) and has a heatsink bolted onto the side of the Computer (colloquially known as a toastrack).  Enhancements included the addition of an AY sound chip and MIDI out interface. This edition remains popular and sought after. 

This version was developed in conjunction with their Spanish distributor Investrónica and had an optional plug in numeric keypad (although these are now rare and never appear to have been marketed in the UK).  Oddly, the Spanish version of the ZX Spectrum 128 is not as compatible with add-ons as the UK version as it lacks a CLK signal from the Z80 on the edge connector.  The Spanish version can be identified by the fact that the 128 is in white, whereas on the UK version it was in red.

Once Sinclair Research Limited had sold the rights to the Sinclair range of computers to Amstrad, four new versions of the Spectrum were launched by Amstrad, which can be identified by a built in cassette deck (or disk drive).  These were:

  • ZX Spectrum +2 (grey with built in cassette deck)
  • ZX Spectrum +2A (black with built in cassette deck)
  • ZX Spectrum +2B (black with built in cassette deck)
  • ZX Spectrum +3 (black with built in 3" disk drive)

Unfortunately, the +2A and later models were not as compatible with existing software and their popularity waned, although the +3 remains a favourite amongst Sinclair fans.

The Sinclair ZX Spectrum computer remains popular amongst enthusiasts even today and continues to attract people seeking that retro feel and a simple way to learn how to program.  Programs and hardware continue to be developed for this humble computer.

More details about the ZX Spectrum including an archive of its software and hardware can be found at www.worldofspectrum.org

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Highway Code for ZX Spectrum from CRL Highway Code for ZX Spectrum from CRL   £2.25 Buy now!
Pit-Fighter for ZX Spectrum from Domark Pit-Fighter for ZX Spectrum from Domark   £5.50 Buy now!
P.O.D.: Proof Of Destruction for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0133) P.O.D.: Proof Of Destruction for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0133)   £2.25 Buy now!
Pro Tennis Simulator for ZX Spectrum from Codemasters (2239) Pro Tennis Simulator for ZX Spectrum from Codemasters (2239)   £2.75 Buy now!
Spectipede for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0021) Spectipede for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0021)   £1.75 Buy now!
Sector 90 for ZX Spectrum from Quicksilva Sector 90 for ZX Spectrum from Quicksilva   £1.25 Buy now!
Mutant Monty Mutant Monty   £2.75 Buy now!
New York Warriors New York Warriors   £3.65 Buy now!
Roller Coaster Roller Coaster   £7.75 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum Game: Rally Simulator Sinclair ZX Spectrum Game: Rally Simulator   £1.80 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum Adventure Game: Here Comes the Sun (Space Adventure) Sinclair ZX Spectrum Adventure Game: Here Comes the Sun (Space Adventure)   £2.39 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum Quiz Game: Stuart Henry's Pop Quiz Sinclair ZX Spectrum Quiz Game: Stuart Henry's Pop Quiz   £2.39 Buy now!
Monitor And Disassembler for ZX Spectrum from Sinclair (L4/S) Monitor And Disassembler for ZX Spectrum from Sinclair (L4/S)   £7.75 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum Circuit Board Repair Wire Green - PCB Repair Wire Green Sinclair ZX Spectrum Circuit Board Repair Wire Green - PCB Repair Wire Green   £2.45 Buy now!
Conductive paste for electronics & PCB repair Conductive paste for electronics & PCB repair   £4.09 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Interface 1 Network Lead Sinclair ZX Interface 1 Network Lead   £2.35 Buy now!
Rollaround for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0235) Rollaround for ZX Spectrum from Mastertronic (IS 0235)   £1.75 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum+ 48K & 128K Rubber Feet - Pack of 4 Sinclair ZX Spectrum+ 48K & 128K Rubber Feet - Pack of 4   £6.75 Buy now!
Sinclair ZX Spectrum +2 / +3 Rubber Feet - Pack of 4 Sinclair ZX Spectrum +2 / +3 Rubber Feet - Pack of 4   £5.75 Buy now!
Super Pipeline II for ZX Spectrum from Taskset (C 103) Super Pipeline II for ZX Spectrum from Taskset (C 103)   £9.00 Buy now!
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Retro Games And Films Ltd
Retro Games And Films Ltd

Welcome to Retro Games And Films Ltd


We buy and sell retro games and computers/consoles such as the ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amiga, Amstrad CPC and BBC Micro. Nintendo, Atari, Sega, we try to cover them all. We stock games from the likes of Atari, Nintendo, Sega, Capcom, Ocean and U.S. Gold. Please feel free to phone on 01279 830890 or email at enq@retrogamesandfilms.com about any of the items that are on the site. We can be reached with any questions via phone, email, Facebook or Twitter. Our company website is www.retrogamesandfilms.com
We buy computers, consoles, music collections, comics, films, toys and board games. Please contact us to get a quote. No collection to big or small. New stock added on a daily basis.

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RWAP Software - Retro computer specialists
RWAP Software - Retro computer specialists

Although our roots are firmly based with the Sinclair QL, we supply a wide range of second hand and original software and hardware, for both the QL, ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64.

Over the past few years, we have been instrumental in getting the DivIDE Plus compact flash interface for the ZX Spectrum built, along with replacement ZX81 Keyboard Membranes, 48K ZX Spectrum keyboard membranes and ZX Spectrum faceplates.

Visit our website - http://www.rwapsoftware.co.uk for more details on what we offer.

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DataServe Retro
DataServe Retro

DataServe Retro

Preserving the 8-Bit Micro since 2006

Visit our website - https://www.dataserve-retro.co.uk for the full range products

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ZX Spectrum Retro Shop
ZX Spectrum Retro Shop

Welcome to ZX Spectrum Retro Shop

 

We offer electronic parts, case parts & video cables for Sinclair Computers.

When ordering 2+ different items, please request an invoice so that we can combine shipping.

 

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ZX Renew
ZX Renew

ZX Renew has been setup to facilitate users to be able to purchase aftermarket goods from suppliers all over the globe.

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